Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 1874 24 January 1965) was a predominantly Conservative British politician and statesman known for his leadership of the United Kingdom during the Second World War. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest wartime leaders of the century and served as Prime Minister twice (194045 and 195155). A noted statesman and orator, Churchill was also an officer in the British Army, a historian, a writer, and an artist. He is the only British prime minister to have received the Nobel Prize in Literature, and was the first person to be made an Honorary Citizen of the United States.
Winston Churchill (1874 1965) was a younger brother of the Duke of Marlborough, and was therefore born an aristocrat. He was the son of Lord Randolph Churchill and a lady from New York called Jennie Jerome. He was also a descendent of the Ist Duke of Marlborough, John Churchill, who won a lot of wars for England two centuries before Winstons birth, and for whom a grateful nation built the enormous palace of Blenheim in Oxfordshire. Sadly, they gave John a dukedom and a palace but the family never had enough money to sustain either in the style to which they would liked to be accustomed.
As a boy Winston was educated first at a preparatory school where he was bullied by other boys and constantly whipped by a sadistic headmaster; this treatment made the young Winston determined never to be beaten in questions of debate, or tests of bravery. The resolution stayed with him all his life.